Instructional Summary

Abenaki is an Algonquian language, related to other languages like Lenape and Ojibwe. We have included twenty basic Algonquin words here.
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Statue of Keewakwa Abenaki Keenahbeh in Opechee Park in Laconia, New Hampshire (standing at 36 ft.)

Statue of Keewakwa Abenaki Keenahbeh in Opechee Park in Laconia, New Hampshire (standing at 36 ft.). Sources: Sculptor: Peter Wolf Toth / Photo by: Niranjan Arminius - Own work, CC BY-SA 4.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=51375010

The Abenaki (Abnaki, Abinaki, Alnôbak) are a Native American tribe and First Nation. They are one of the Algonquian-speaking peoples of northeastern North America. The Abenaki originated in a region called Wabanahkik in the Eastern Algonquian languages (meaning "Dawn Land"), a territory now including parts of Quebec and the Maritimes of Canada and northern sections of the New England region of the United States. The Abenaki are one of the five members of the Wabanaki Confederacy.

The Abenaki language is closely related to the Panawahpskek (Penobscot) language. Other neighboring Wabanaki tribes, the Pestomuhkati (Passamaquoddy), Wolastoqiyik (Maliseet), and Miꞌkmaq, and other Eastern Algonquian languages share many linguistic similarities. It has come close to extinction as a spoken language. Tribal members are working to revive the Abenaki language at Odanak (means "in the village"), a First Nations Abenaki reserve near Pierreville, Quebec, and throughout New Hampshire, Vermont and New York state.

Twenty Basic Words in Algonquin

Abenaki is an Algonquian language, related to other languages like Lenape and Ojibwe. We have included twenty basic Algonquin words here.

Algonquin Word Set

English (Français) Algonquin Words
One (Un) Pejig
Two (Deux) Nìj
Three (Trois) Niswi
Four (Quatre) New
Five (Cinq) Nànan
Man (Homme) Ininì
Woman (Femme) Ikwe
Dog (Chien) Animosh
Sun (Soleil) Kìzis
Moon (Lune) Tibik-kìzis
Water (Eau) Nibì
White (Blanc) Wàbà
Yellow (Jaune) Ozàwà
Red (Rouge) Miskwà
Black (Noir) Makadewà
Eat (Manger) Mìdjin
See (Voir) Wàbi
Hear (Entendre) Nòndam
Sing (Chanter) Nigamo
Leave (Partir) Màdjà or Nagadàn

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Please note: the content on this page, sourced from http://www.native-languages.org/algonquin_words.htm, is meant for demonstration purposes only.

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kamillacastro, 1 week 2 days ago

Thank you, this was really helpful.

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Robin Shields

Instructor @College University

Athabasca, AB

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Indigenous Vocabulary: Algonquin Words by Robin Shields is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY), except where otherwise noted. A derivative from the original work.